Bicycle chains are overlooked yet they are one of the most important components of a bike. This article discusses how long bicycle chains last.
Nothing lasts forever! As heartbreaking as it sounds, your chain will eventually get damaged and need to be replaced. But how long do bicycle chains last, you ask?
Bicycle chains last based on factors such as use, distance, terrain, and quality. For the average rider, you will need to replace your chain every 2000 to 3000 miles. That’s around after 3 to 4 years. Mountain bike chains are likely to last a much shorter life span compared to road and electric bikes due to the rough terrain.
I’ll share all details on what affects your bike’s chain life span and how to increase it.
What Affects Your Bike’s Chain Life Span
You and your friend might buy new bikes from the same shop. Same model. At the same time. But oddly enough, you might have to replace your bike chain much earlier than him. What causes this? And how do I make mine last longer?
Here are some key factors that can lead to this:
Probably the most important factor when it comes to your bike. How you use it. The more you use your bike, the more wear and tear is likely to occur.
If you ride your bike 5 times per week, the bike chain will likely last 6 to 9 months. But does it mean I should keep my bike in storage without using it? Certainly, not if you use it more frequently ensure that you lubricate and clean it regularly as well.
Note: If you don’t use your bike for many months, it will also lead to wearing out and damage. You have to find the perfect balance.
Also, when riding it is recommended you do so at a high cadence and avoid cross-chaining. Cross-chaining represents the use of a small cog and small chainring in the rear or the use of a large cog and large chainring in the rear. It leads to stretching out the chain which damages it.
More miles equals more friction which equals more wear and tear. This means if you ride your bike fifteen miles a day and your friend rides his for five miles a day, there’s a higher probability that your bike chain will get damaged.
Be conservative and don’t overwork your bike. And if you do, make sure you do proper maintenance. I’ll cover the must-dos when it comes to maintenance later on.
Riding in flat terrain helps increase your bike’s chain lifespan. In rough terrain, you have to pedal in tough gears which put more pressure on your chain. The stress then results in damage to the bike chain.
You can clearly prove this assertion by watching riders in the Tour De France. Each rider wears out two to three bike chains over the course of the race which spans three weeks. The damage on the bike chains is mainly due to the mountainous terrain.
If you love riding in hilly areas, clean your chain and make sure you keep it in pristine condition.
Folks overlook quality. But it’s one of the most important factors. Quality chains don’t come cheap, though. Yet, they are well worth it.
These chains reduce friction significantly and increase the life span of your chain. Over the first 650km, CeramicSpeed’s UFO chains are said to reduce power consumption by up to 5 watts.
I personally recommend Shimano bike chains. They are durable, of good quality and you won’t have to break the bank to get them.
How to Measure Chain Wear
Over time, bike chains can wear out and cause problems with shifting or even break while riding. Therefore, it’s important to know how to measure chain wear accurately and replace it when necessary.
Using a Ruler or Chain Wear Checker
There are two ways to measure chain wear: using a ruler or a chain wear checker tool. Using a ruler is a simple and quick method, but it’s not as accurate as using a chain wear checker.
To measure chain wear with a ruler, follow these steps:
- Find a ruler with millimeter markings.
- Place the ruler against the chain’s rivets.
- Align the zero mark with the rivet’s center.
- Check the distance between the 12-inch mark and the rivet’s center.
- Repeat the process at several points along the chain.
If the chain stretches more than 1/16 inch (1.6mm) over 12 inches (30cm), it’s time to replace the chain.
A chain wear checker tool is more accurate and easier to use. The tool measures the distance between the chain links, providing a precise measurement of chain wear. To use a chain wear checker, follow these steps:
- Place the tool on the chain.
- Insert the tool’s pins into the chain’s links.
- Check the measurement on the tool’s gauge.
If the gauge shows a measurement of 0.5 or higher, it’s time to replace the chain.
When to Replace Your Chain
A stretched or worn-out chain can cause damage to the cassette, chainrings, and derailleur pulleys. That’s why you need to replace it.
Here are some signs that it’s time to replace your chain:
- The chain stretches more than 1/16 inch (1.6mm) over 12 inches (30cm).
- The chain skips or jumps while riding.
- The chain makes a grinding noise.
- The chain has visible rust or corrosion.
- The chain has been used for more than 2,000 miles (3,200km).
Replacing your chain regularly can help prolong the life of your bike’s components and ensure a smoother ride.
A well-maintained chain can last anywhere between 500 to 5000 miles, depending on various factors such as the quality of the chain, how the bike is ridden plus the other factors I mentioned earlier.
Lubrication and Cleaning
Lubrication and cleaning are the two most crucial aspects of chain maintenance. Proper lubrication helps to reduce friction between the chainring, derailleur, roller, bushing, pins, and steel. Cleaning the chain removes dirt and grime that can cause excessive wear and tear.
How Often to Lubricate Your Chain
The frequency of lubrication depends on the riding conditions and environment. Generally, lubricate the chain after every 100 to 150 miles of riding. If the bike is ridden in wet or muddy conditions, it is advisable to lubricate the chain more frequently.
Types of Chain Lubricants
There are various types of chain lubricants available in the market, such as dry lube, wet lube, and wax-based lubricants. Dry lube is suitable for dry conditions, while wet lube is better suited for wet and muddy conditions. Wax-based lubricants are long-lasting and provide excellent protection against dirt and grime.
Choose the right type of chain lubricant based on the riding conditions and environment. Using the wrong type of lubricant can cause excessive wear and tear and reduce the life of the chain.
Replacing Your Chain
A chain should last between 2,000 to 3,000 miles or 3 to 4 years. Here are some guidelines on when to replace it.
When to Replace Your Chain
To determine whether it’s time to replace your chain, you can use a chain wear indicator tool such as the Park Tool CC-4. If the tool indicates that your chain has reached the 0.5 percent or 0.75 percent wear mark, it’s time to replace your chain.
For single-speed or two-sprocket bikes, replace the chain when it reaches the 1 percent wear mark.
How to Replace Your Chain
If you want to replace your chain yourself, you will need a few tools, including a chain tool, a new chain, and a cassette lockring tool. Here’s a step-by-step guide on how to replace your chain:
- Shift your bike to the smallest chainring and the smallest cog on the cassette.
- Use the cassette lockring tool to remove the cassette from the wheel.
- Use the chain tool to break the old chain and remove it from the bike.
- Thread the new chain through the derailleur and cassette, making sure to follow the correct routing.
- Use the chain tool to connect the new chain, making sure to match the correct link.
- Reinstall the cassette using the cassette lockring tool.
- Test the new chain by shifting through all the gears to make sure it’s running smoothly.
Special Tools for Replacing Your Chain
While a chain tool is the most important tool for replacing your chain, there are a few other specialized tools that can make the job easier and more efficient. These tools include:
- Chain wear indicator tool, such as the Park Tool CC-4, to determine when to replace your chain.
- Chain pliers, which can help with removing and installing master links.
- Quick-link pliers can help with installing and removing quick links.
How do I know if my bike chain is worn out?
Check for noticeable signs like chain elongation, skipping or slipping on gears, apparent wear, rust or corrosion, and chain noise. To check if the chain has lengthened past the advised limit, measure its wear with a ruler or chain wear indicator tool. Your chain’s lifespan can be extended with regular maintenance and cleaning.
When should I change cycle chain?
When you notice excessive chain elongation (measured using a chain wear indicator tool or ruler), frequent gear skipping or slippage, visible chain link wear or rust/corrosion, and chain noise when riding.
How often do you need to maintain a bike chain?
As a general rule, it is advised to oil and clean your bike chain every 100-200 miles (160-320 kilometers), or more often if you frequently ride in muddy or wet weather. Regular maintenance decreases friction, prevents dirt buildup, and increases chain longevity. It’s best to replace the chain right away if you spot severe wear indicators like elongation or skipping to retain peak performance.
Which bike chains last the longest?
Dependable brands’ high-quality chains last longer. Chains with specific coatings, such as nickel-plated or Teflon-coated chains, or those composed of long-lasting materials, like stainless steel, are noted for their durability. The durability of chains can also be increased by using sophisticated designs, such as those with hollow pins or unique ramped and curved outer plates.
Before You Go…
Now you know how long bicycle chains last. Ever wondered how long bicycle marathons like Tour De France are?
Here’s another article on that…
How Long Is A Bicycle Marathon?
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